Labour Force

Census Metropolitan Area Labour Force

The Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) had an employed labour force of 281,600 people in 2016, according to annualized data gathered from the Labour Force Survey of Canada. This is the number of employed people who were living in the cities of Kitchener, Cambridge and Waterloo and in the townships of Woolwich and North Dumfries. The total population aged 15 years and over in the CMA was 426,200 in 2016, 298,000 of whom were considered to be in the labour force (employed or unemployed), representing a participation rate of 69.9 per cent as shown in the table below. Of those who were employed, 80 per cent were working full time jobs.

Labour Force Estimates for Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo CMA Residents, 2016 (annualized)

Employment 281,600
Full-time 231,300
Part-time 50,300
Unemployment 16,400
Participation Rate (%) 69.9
Employment Rate (%) 66.1
Unemployment Rate (%) 5.5

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Labour Force Survey by Census Metropolitan Area


For more information on the Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo CMA's labour force:

2016 Labour Force Report 

Regional Educational Attainment 

According to the 2011 National Household Survey, just over half the Region's population 15 years and over (211,760 residents) has some type of post-secondary education. This rises to 66 per cent of those between the ages of 25 and 49, mirroring provincial and national proportions for this age group. Additionally, 90 per cent of those 20 to 29 have a high school diploma or equivalent, indicating the majority of the Region's younger labour force have some type of educational attainment.

Educational Attainment by Age for Waterloo Region Residents, 2011

Educational Attainment by age graph

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey by Census Division

For more information on Waterloo Region's labour force and educational attainment:

2011 NHS Bulletin: Employment and Education