Long-Term Care Facilities

Infection prevention and control aims to prevent the spread of disease to residents and staff through:

  • Inspection of institutional food premises including long-term care facilities, retirement homes and hospitals
  • Monitoring and responding to outbreaks in institutions
  • Consulting on infection prevention concerns

Preventing infections

Residents in long-term care are more likely to get an infection because they have:

  • Decreased immunity and/or underlying medical conditions
  • A lot of personal contact
  • Live in close quarters


Many infections are spread person-to-person by our hands. Infection can be spread before showing symptoms of being ill and after you have stopped showing symptoms.

Washing your hands is one of the best ways to prevent viruses from spreading.

Wash your hands:

  • Before preparing, serving or eating food
  • After using the washroom
  • After coughing or sneezing

Residents should be reminded to wash their hands throughout the day. Visitors should take the same precautions to protect themselves, relatives and friends.

All staff and visitors should wash hands or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer before entering and exiting the facility.

Visitors should be reminded not to visit if they are ill and to wash their hands before and after caring for a resident.

Other best practices

To prevent the spread of infection, staff should:

  • Promote proper hand hygiene
  • Wear gloves, masks and gowns, when appropriate, to stop the spread of infection to residents or themselves
  • Recommend residents receive an annual flu shot and keep immunizations up-to-date for tetanus/diphtheria and pneumococcal disease
  • Clean and disinfect equipment and surfaces in the facility including common areas, washrooms, bathing facilities, floors, furnishings and walls
  • Handle and prepare food according to food safety practices
  • Ensure hair salons and barber shops comply with health standards

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